Spanish hogfish are found in the tropical waters of the western Atlantic from Bermuda and southern Florida to southern Brazil. They inhabit rocky and algal covered reefs, as well as seagrass meadows.
Adult Spanish hogfish feed primarily on invertebrates, such as mollusks, brittle stars, crustaceans and sea urchins. Juveniles, on the other hand, are facultative cleaners—they feed on parasites picked from larger fishes.
Spanish hogfish are protogynous hermaphrodites, meaning they are born female with some individuals later becoming male. They are typically found in small groups with a single dominant male and multiple females.
Stay tuned for more behind-the-scenes updates!