Mantis Shrimp

Peacock Mantis Shrimp

Odontodactylus scyllarus

DID YOU KNOW?

This crustacean can punch with a speed equal to a bullet.

Location and exhibit:
Baltimore, MD — Surviving Through Adaptation

Mantis Shrimp Mantis Shrimp Mantis Shrimp Mantis Shrimp

Peacock Mantis Shrimp

The peacock Mantis Shrimp is one of the more interesting species in the animal kingdom. It is multicolored with shades of bright green, orange, red, and blue on its shell, and its forearms are covered in spots. This ferocious crustacean has club-like appendages that fold under its body, similar to a praying mantis. The legs act like a spring to attack its prey.

What is amazing about this creature is that its clubs strike at 50 miles per hour in milliseconds. One strike is 50 times faster than the blink of a human eye! It can punch 50,000 times between molts without damaging its clubs. The punch of a mantis shrimp is so strong that it can break through the shells of its prey and even thick glass.

Another fascinating feature of the Peacock Mantis Shrimp is that it has the most complex eyes of any animal. It is able to see ten times more color than human beings, including ultraviolet light. The shrimp use this exceptional eyesight to detect both predators and prey.

The Peacock Mantis Shrimp lives in the crevices of coral or rocks on sandy or shelly ocean bottoms. They are very protective of their territory and exhibit aggressive behavior towards intruders.


Mantis Shrimp Infographic 

Mantis Shrimp Infographic Preview
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Lineage can be tracked back five hundred million years.

It is multicolored with shades of bright green, orange, red, and blue on its shell, and its forearms are covered in spots.

There are 400 species of mantis shrimp worldwide.

One strike from the mantis shrimp is 50 times faster then the blink of a human eye.

Peacock mantis shrimp can punch with speed equal to a .22 caliber bullet.

It is able to see ten times more color than human beings, including ultraviolet light.




Peacock Mantis Shrimp Facts

Diet

The Mantis shrimp can kill prey larger than itself by using its deadly appendages. It typically feeds on gastropods, crabs, and mollusks.

Size

Most mantis shrimp grow between 2-7 inches.

Range

This species is found in the warm waters of Indian and Pacific Oceans.

Population Status

This species is not threatened.

Predators

Some large fish make meals of the mantis shrimp.

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Jack Cover
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