Pacific Sea Nettle, Chrysaora fuscescens
The Pacific sea nettle’s bell is yellow to reddish-brown, and the long, ruffled tentacles can be yellow to dark maroon.
Did You Know?
This jelly uses light-sensing organs (ocelli) to migrate daily from dark, deep water to sunlit surface water.
Zooplankton, including other jellies
Bell can be up to 30 inches wide, and tentacles can be as long as 16 feet on giant specimens.
Primarily the U.S. West Coast; occasionally as far south as Mexico and as far north as British Columbia; has been spotted around Japan
In the past, jelly populations were kept in check by predators like sea turtles and jelly-eating fish. Due to the reduction of their predators, jelly populations are growing at alarming rates.
Sea turtles and other jelly-eating animals, such as tuna, sunfish, butterfish, and spiny dogfish, keep the jelly populations in balance. All seven species of sea turtles include them in their diets. The largest sea turtle species, the leatherback, depends on jellies for food. Because jellies are more than 90% water and an adult leatherback can weigh more than 2,000 pounds, one turtle can consume a lot of jellies.
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