Clownfish

Percula Clownfish

Amphiprion percula

DID YOU KNOW?

Clownfish bring food to anemones in exchange for protection.

Exhibit Name and Location:
Baltimore - North Atlantic to the Pacific

Add to Trip Planner

Clownfish Clownfish Clownfish Clownfish Clownfish National Aquarium - Clownfish  Video

Percula Clownfish

Of the nearly 30 species of clownfish, there are two types commonly referred to as the orange clownfish (Amphiprion percula and A. ocellaris). The percula clownfish is distinguished by its vivid orange color with distinctive white bands outlined in black.

All clownfish are born male. As they mature, they usually pair off with another clownfish, and the dominant individual becomes a female. The female lays eggs, which are defended and aerated by both parents until they hatch.

This family of fish is also known as anemonefish because of the symbiotic relationship they have with sea anemones. The clownfish brings food to the anemone in exchange for protection. By building up a protective mucous coating, the clownfish is immune to the stinging cells of the anemone. The clownfish makes its home within the anemone’s tentacles, enjoying protection from predators; in return, the anemone gets to eat the leftovers from the clownfish’s meals and the clownfish helps keep the anemone clean.


Clownfish Facts

Diet

Clownfish are omnivores, feeding on a varied diet consisting of algae, zooplankton, worms and small crustaceans. At the Aquarium, we feed them small, cut-up pieces of shrimp and smelt, as well as krill.

Size

Clownfish grow to approximately 3 inches in length.

Range

Clownfish can be found in coral reefs in Australia, Indonesia, Singapore and the Solomon Islands.

Population Status

This species is not considered to be threatened. A lot of the clownfish in aquariums and the pet trade are bred in captivity, so over-collecting is not an issue.

Predators

Larger fish such as lionfish, snapper, grouper, triggers and eels will prey on clownfish.

Back to the Top

Jack Cover
General Curator

pressroom striped fish

As the general curator, Jack's role is to ensure that our living animal collections are thriving and diverse, to best exhibit the beauty of the wild habitats we represent here at the Aquarium. Learn More

A Note From the Caretaker

This is one of the most popular fish among home aquarium hobbyists.

Make a Donation

National Aquarium – Wings in the Water

Your gift will help the National Aquarium, a nonprofit organization, inspire conservation of the world’s aquatic treasures.

Donate Now

Receive our Newsletter

You'll find:

  • animal updates
  • latest news
  • special offers